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Lines & Proportions

skill building

by JuliannaKunstler.com

Take these assignments seriously.

Practicing the skills and sense of proportion is very important for an artist.

More you practice - better you get.



Line drawing

Line drawing is a skill that can be developed with practice.

Line drawing is a primary skill for any drawing.

Each line has length, direction, start and end points, and other characteristics.

The common mistake in line drawing is "hairy" or "chicken-scratch" approach.

Learn to avoid it.

Ghost lines

Ghost lines (or air drawing) is a technique that will help you develop clean line drawing skill and get a feel of line's length and direction.

Holding your pencil over a paper, follow the direction of a line that you are attempting to draw. Do it a few times - back and forth. Then draw the actual line with the same hand motion.

Draw a few parallel lines. At this point your hand will "know" how to work the muscles for this particular line and you will notice that it gets easier to draw it.

Draw 2 sets of start and end points.

Carefully and slowly connect the first two with a straight line.

Before you draw the second line - practice the air drawing a few times. Then draw the line with one stroke.

Did you notice the difference?

The same air drawing technique can be used to complete shapes and find missing corners.

Do over each existing line with "Ghost" drawing until you get the feel of it.

Then move your hand and air-draw the missing line.

Then draw the actual lines.

Practice more shapes and lines.


Practice more line drawing.

Copy the lines from the left into the outlined area.

Try to keep proportions and directions.

Utilize air drawing technique.

First, look at the lines.

Divide them mentally into groups. What would be the logical way to group them?

Designate area for each group.

Mark start and end points.

Air draw each line before drawing. Get a feel for direction and length.

Draw the lines lightly.


Practice mirror drawing


Practice blind contour drawing








Design 1

First - look at the design that you are copying.

Divide it into quadrants. Use your pencil as a measuring tool.

If the design is symmetrical - draw the center line first.

Note where the design is divided into 2 even parts: horizontally and vertically.

This is what you should draw on your paper:

Dividing the top part of the design into two even parts will define the height of the two petals:

If you divide the second section in half - you will get the widest part of the design:

Also mark where the curves of the petals cross the division lines.

Now look at the bottom part. It is made out of multiple parts that are relatively small.

Usually, dividing in half or in thirds will help you determine the major elements.

Dividing the bottom part into 3 parts will make it easy to add these little elements to the design.

Divide each segment for planning out the design.

Always look for the corresponding elements.

That includes the width of the elements too. See how far the leaves should go....

Design 2

Compare the width and height of the design.

Draw a rectangle.

Divide the rectangle into two halves.

Divide the center line into thirds.

The leaves take 2/3 of the areas. Draw the lines as shown.

Use your pencil to determine the directions of the leaves.

Mark the points where leaves will cross the borderlines.

Draw the main curve. Pay attention to where the curve starts (center) and ends (center), also, it goes through the center in the middle of the design.

Continue working by adding more details.

credits: http://how-to-sketch.com